Pre stone age
Do you know the members of your family Who along time ago. They are your ancestors Could you image the ancestors of human beings? just image how the early human beings had lived on the earth. much of your knowledge of ancient history is based on the evidences supplied by archaeological. according to the reports of archaeological analysts it is estimated that millions of years have passed since the first human beings lived on the earth Pre history refers to the period When human beings did not know read or write. We get our information about the prehistoric period from objects like tools and weapons,pottery,coins,jewellerys and figures which these people left behind. The period when human beings used stone implements alone is called the stone Age. The stone age has been further sub-divided into three parts-the old stone Age.,the Middle stone Age and the New stone Age.
Old stone age
The pre-historical period between 2.50,000 B.C to 10,000 B.C is know as old stone age This age is also called palaeolithic age. Polaeo means old and lithic means stone. Early humans were hunters. They ate flesh of the animals that they killed. they wandered in groups from place to place in search of food. The tools used by early humans were crude and unpolished and were mostly made out of a type of hard rock called Quartzite. These were nothing more than pieces of broken pebbles. These early humans lived in caves. Their early tools were made out of a hard type of rock which were later fashioned into hammers,scrapers,choppers and axe heads.Small pieces of rock were used as knives,spears,arrow-heads and sickles.
Later stone age
The period from 10,000 B.C to 6,000 B.C is known as later stone age.In this age,people learn to make fire. They used fire cooking, for softening and making food more tasty. Life became more comfortable. Ability to make fire was one of the major discoveries of later sone age. Their tools were now polished and improved. These were now sharper and more efficient.
New Stone Age
The period between 6,000 B.C to 1,000 B.C is known as New stone age or the Neolithic age. Their tools were better made. The discovery of the wheel was a great land mark. Wheeled carts made traveling easier and more comfortable. The wheel gave shape and size to the pottery. They begin to cover their bodies with cloth. They learn to grow crops and domesticate animals. They began to rattle down along the banks of the rivers and learn many crafts. Woman learn to spin, to weave and to stitch. Cotton and woolen cloths came into use men and women were fond of ornaments. They wore ornaments made of shells and bones. They painted animals and the pictures of humans on the caves. They learn the building a boats through which they traveled to Babilonia, Egypt and Greece and trades with these countries. Some of the New stone Age sites have been excavated in Brahmagiri, Singanakallu, Utnoor, Tekkali Kota and Maski place in India.
The Age of Metals
A great change came over the life of people with the discovery of metals and with the knowledge of their use. The metallic age began in 5,000 B.C. Copper was the first metal discovered. By mixing copper with tin, early humans got an alloy called Bronze. In this age early humans used bow and arrows; swords and lancers made of metals. Dravidans are recognized as earlier people who used the metals in ancient India.